A vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red with a 2:3 ratio. The used colors in the flag are red, yellow, black. Omissions? [1], If there is a visiting head of state, that country's flag may be set second in precedence, all other flags dropping a rank. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red with a 1:1 ratio. When flown, the black band is nearest the pole (at the hoist side). Author of. [1] The colours thus correspond to the red lion of Hainaut, Limburg and Luxembourg, the yellow lion of Brabant, and the black lion of Flanders and Namur. vertically striped black-yellow-red national flag. Updates? [1], For a list of flags associated with Belgium, see, The early revolutionary variations of the Belgian tricolour, Independence and adoption of current flag, Royal standard and flags on the royal palaces, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Belgium&oldid=977422236, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A tricolour, with three equal horizontal bands of red, white and blue. This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 21:34. A vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red. A Dutch tricolour superimposed with a rampant lion and black square. From the 16th century to the end of the 18th century, the colours of what is now Belgium were red, white and yellow. The 2:3 flag is the civil ensign, the correct flag for use by civilians at sea. A vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red, with a yellow star in the upper left canton on a blue field. The Flag of Belgium was adopted in 1831. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The national flag has the unusual proportions of 13:15. A bicolour, with two equal vertical bands of red and yellow. Sable a lion Or armed and langued Gules chaped Or two roosters Gules. The proportion of the Belgian flag is 13:15. https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Belgium.

This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 19:12. It has the unusual proportions of 13:15. [5], There is also an official Belgian naval jack, which is the same as the national flag, except in a 1:1 ratio, making it square. After the death of Charlemagne, the present-day territory of Belgium (except the County of Flanders) became part of Lotharingia, which had a flag of two horizontal red stripes separated by a white stripe.

A rampant lion appeared in the seal of Count Philip of Flanders as early as 1162, while its colours (a gold shield and a black lion) are known to have existed since 1171. Former Director, Flag Research Center, Winchester, Massachusetts. Two years later another revolution broke out under the same colours, although the resultant United Belgian States never officially adopted a flag of its own.

A tricolour, with three equal horizontal bands of black, yellow and red. [1], During the period of Austrian rule, a number of different flags were tried. The colours were taken from the coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant, and the vertical design may be based on the flag of France. [2], On 23 January 1831, the stripes changed from horizontal to vertical, and on 12 October, the flag attained its modern form, with the black placed at the hoist side of the flag.[1].

In 1234 the gold lion on a black shield of Brabant, later the basis for the national coat of arms of Belgium, was recorded in use.

"Flags of Belgium" redirects here. Belgium is only one of many countries that adopted it, substituting their own national or popular colours for the French blue-white-red. Prized in twelve pieces of Azure and Or, heart shield Gules.

It has the irregular 4:3 ratio, making it taller than it is wide. The official guide to protocol in Belgium states that the national flag measures 2.6 m (8.5 ft) tall for each 3 m (9.8 ft) wide,[1] giving it a ratio of 13:15. It has the unusual proportions of 13:15. A yellow saltire on a white field, bordered above and below in red and to the left and right in black, charged on the top with a crown above crossed cannons and on the bottom by a fouled anchor. The black, yellow and red colors are characteristic of Brabant province - Brabant rebels wore these colors during the uprising …

Flag of the revolutionary volunteers from, Bicolour of Liège, with two equal vertical bands of red and yellow, with the superimposed slogan "Vanquish or Die for Brussels". [1], On 26 August 1830, the day after the rioting at the Brussels Opera and the start of the Belgian Revolution, the flag of France flew from the city hall of Brussels. A blue flag with yellow five-pointed star. A circle of 12 5-pointed gold (yellow) stars on a blue field. These proportions are explained as an aesthetic consideration, as the palaces are large, and the flags are thus viewed from far below, which makes them look more normal due to foreshortening.[6]. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corrections? The flags are flown above the palaces when the king is in Belgium, not necessarily just in one of the palaces. [6] There have been exceptions to this rule, but, in general, presence or absence of the flag is a reasonably reliable indicator of whether or not the king is in the country. Originally, the stripes were horizontal, but Belgians eventually inclined to the version with vertical stripes in order to differ from the Dutch flag. [6] The stripes remain vertical. The Kingdom of the Netherlands formed after the Napoleonic Wars in Europe encompassed Belgium, but that territory resisted rule from the north. The Belgian flag is a vertical tricolour. The first use of the current flag design was in 1831. Flag of Belgium A vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red with a 13:15 … [1] Nonetheless, when flags are raised and lowered or carried in a procession, the national flag takes precedence over all the others.