", "India's bill purporting to help refugees really seeks to hurt Muslims, India's bill purporting to help refugees really seeks to hurt Muslims", "What Does India's New Citizenship Law Mean?

It has always been my ambition since childhood to live such a life that one day my fellow citizens would call me to membership in this popular branch of the greatest lawmaking body in the world. They also accused the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee's party members of misinforming the state's residents about the new law.

"Citizenship." The Committee submitted its report on 7 January 2019 to Parliament. [22] India's minister of minority affairs, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi defended the exclusion of the Ahmadiyyas by saying that India does not consider them as non-Muslims.

[26][27][28] In other parts of India, protesters said the bill discriminated against Muslims and demanded that Indian citizenship to be granted to Muslim refugees and immigrants. [175], Some Rohingya Muslim refugees in India were not optimistic about the Amendment and feared they would be deported. [53][54][55] According to M.K. [110][111][112] The inclusion of Manipur in Inner Line Permit was also announced on 9 December 2019. While India has been willing to host refugees, its traditional position formulated by Jawaharlal Nehru is that such refugees must return to their home countries after the situation returns to normal.

It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. [197], Law regarding citizenship rights for migrants to India. In 2004, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government stated in Parliament that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi migrants in India.

Court again declined the request for stay. The Act seeks to amend the definition of illegal immigrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation. Login . [93] The Indian government, while proposing an Amendment, said, that its bill aims to grant quicker access to citizenship to those who have fled religious persecution in neighbouring countries and have taken refuge in India.

[11][21] However, certain Muslim groups, such as Hazaras, have historically faced persecution in these countries.

The fact that such migrants might be Hindus, as opposed to Muslims, is unlikely to reassure most people from the northeast.

The Act does not mention Muslims. People belonging to these communities will no longer be deported or jailed under the Foreigners Act of 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act of 1920. [190] Former National Security Advisor Shiv Shankar Menon called the incident a self inflicted goal that has isolated India from the International community. [43][58] An unknown number of Pakistani Hindu refugees live in India. What does Citizenship mean? [7][a][b][c], Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which leads the Indian government,[8][9] had promised in previous election manifestos to offer Indian citizenship to members of persecuted religious minorities who had migrated from neighbouring countries. [101][102], After receiving assent from the President of India on 12 December 2019, the bill assumed the status of an act. The police action was widely criticized, and resulted in protests across the country. [83][84] The updated register was made public in August 2019; approximately 1.9 million residents were not on the list, and were in danger of losing their citizenship. Article 11 gave powers to the Parliament of India to regulate the right of citizenship by law. It also excluded tribal areas of Assam.

[67][70][g] According to Shuvro Sarker, since the 1950s and particularly since the 1990s, the Indian governments under various political parties have studied and drafted laws for the naturalisation of refugees and asylum seekers. In 2012, the then CPI(M) general secretary Prakash Karat had written to Manmohan Singh, who was prime minister at the time, reminding him of his 2003 statement and urging him to make a suitable amendment in policy to allow "minority community refugees" easy citizenship. The states have no power to reject it". It seeks to make illegal migrants belonging to the same six religions and three countries eligible for citizenship. [43][44][45][46], The Citizenship Act was further amended in 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2015. I have always dreamed of a country which I believe this should be and will be, and that is one in which the citizenship is an educated and patriotic people, not swayed by passion and prejudice, and a country that shall know no East, no West, no North, no South, but inhabited by a people liberty loving, patriotic, happy, and prosperous, with its lawmakers having no other purpose than to write such just laws as shall in the years to come be of service to human kind yet unborn. However, illegal migrants are prohibited from acquiring Indian citizenship.

[16][109], Under the act, one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalisation is that the applicant must have lived in India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years. The Union Home Ministry has said that states lack the legal power to stop the implementation of the CAA. It is normally synonymous with the term nationality although the latter term may also refer to ethnic connotations. One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises. [82] This was mandated under prior peace agreements in northeast, and the Assam Accord in particular. [56] The reasons for the scale of migration include a porous border, historical migration patterns, economic reasons, and cultural and linguistic ties.

[192], A group of prominent individuals and organisations from around 12 countries representing minorities of Bangladesh released a joint statement in which they described the Act as "humanitarian" provision through which India has "partially fulfilled" its obligations towards the minorities of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. [47][48] Illegal immigrants were defined as citizens of other countries who entered India without valid travel documents, or who remained in the country beyond the period permitted by their travel documents.

[33], The Indian Constitution that was implemented in 1950 guaranteed citizenship to all of the country's residents at the commencement of the constitution, and made no distinction on the basis of religion.

The Ministry stated that "the new legislation has been enacted under the Union List of the 7th Schedule of the Constitution.

[95], After the formation of 17th Lok Sabha, the Union Cabinet cleared the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, on 4 December 2019 for introduction in the parliament.

[164] Similarly, some 15,000 people joined a BJP-organised rally in support of the Act in Rajasthan.

the status of a citizen with rights and duties, the state of being a citizen; the status of a citizen. [Applause]. [21][94][5], The Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 19 July 2016 as the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Those from other countries were given a means of naturalisation after twelve years of residency in India. [144][145][146], Muslims all over India came out to protest the CAA–NRC package with a renewed assertion of their identity as Indians.

The natural right created by every form of unity assembly, unity council, unity legislature, unity senate, unity house of representatives, unity parliament, unity government, local unity government, regional unity government, national unity government, european unity government and international unity government that naturally gives every person born in a country the natural right to be a citizen, the nationality of the country and passport of the country through right of birth. They include 29,500 "hill country Tamils" (Malaiha). More than 25 student associations from all over India joined protest. [5][6][113] Critics have questioned the exclusion.